HANNOVER MESSE 2020, 20 - 24 April
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Controlling Turbulences

Logo Karlsruher Institut für Technologie


Karlsruher Institut für Technologie

Exhibitor details
Exhibitor details
Logo Controlling Turbulences

Product description

Modern combustion plants, such as gas turbine combustion chambers, are operated under low-fuel condition. Under these conditions, combustion instabilities occur frequently. These oscillations do not only cause a high noise level in the surroundings of the plant, but also accelerate wear of the turbine. During combustion with a turbulent flame, the heat release rate has a significant influence on the unstable operation states in the chamber. The heat release rate, however, cannot be measured easily. Alternatively, chemoluminescence of hydroxyl radicals (OH*) is measured. Chemoluminescence is measured by means of an optical tomography method. Due to rapid fluctuations of the turbulent combustion process, the measurement has to be accomplished with a high spatial and temporal resolution, which cannot be achieved with conventional tomography methods due to the small OH* concentration of 1-10 parts per billion. Scientists from the Institute for Chemical Technology and Polymer Chemistry and the Engler-Bunte Institute have developed a tomography method that generates a reliable sectional view within about 100 µs. Instead of rotating an individual measurement head around the measurement object as in classical nuclear magnetic resonance tomography, several telescopes are arranged under certain angles to the flame. Each of these telescopes contains 90 light fibers that are combined into a light fiber cable and transmit the measured chemoluminescence signals to an individual intensified CCD camera. To reconstruct the flame cross section, it is done without the usually applied methods of filtered back projection. Instead, methods based on self-consistency are applied.

You can get an overview of this technology at KIT stand. Detailed information can be exchanged individually in contact with the responsible scientific employees of KIT after the industry fair.

Product website

Hall 2, Stand B16

(Main stand)

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