HANNOVER MESSE 2020, 20 - 24 April
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Recycling in demolition processes

Optimised separating method makes abrasives applied reusable.

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Karlsruher Institut für Technologie

Exhibitor details
Exhibitor details
Logo Recycling in demolition processes

Product description

Demolishing nuclear plants requires an entire arsenal of specialised technical methods and machines. Especially the dissembling and disposal of the reactor pressure vessel and the appliances mounted in it is a considerable challenge, since these components have been exposed to neutron irradiation for years or even decades and, as a result of neutron activation, are now radioactive themselves. Therefore, the steel that has been used in constructing the plants can only be cut up via remote control. Here, water abrasive suspension (WAS) cutting, which has beneficial properties, is used. Garnet sand has been added to the ultra-high-pressure water jet as a fine granular, sharp-edged abrasive. During cutting, steel particles are also created, which results in large amounts of a radioactively contaminated abrasive-steel-granulate mix. Its disposal as secondary waste causes considerable costs. In order to reduce them, a method has already been developed at KIT that separates the steel particles from the abrasive with a magnet. However, the magnet can only catch steel particles from a certain minimum size on. Scientists at the KIT) have elaborated the already established magnetic separation method in order to raise the separation degree. The abrasive-steel suspension is poured into a mixing vessel. In a preliminary treatment step, fine particles are filtered out with wet sifting. This already removes around 95 per cent of the radioactive steel particles, and they can be disposed of. The remaining suspension is fed into the magnetic separator, and the steel particles sticking to the magnet are separated and collected. The residual abrasive gathers in the mixing vessel and is used again for separation. All in all, secondary waste is reduced by up to 75 per cent.

You can get an overview of this technology at KIT stand. Detailed information can be exchanged individually in contact with the responsible scientific employees of KIT after the industry fair.

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